The expansion of vacationer flows continues relentlessly. Based on IATA, the variety of passengers may double to eight.2 billion in 2037, which is the reservoir of vacationers worldwide, i.e. individuals who haven’t but traveled. When the Chinese language and Indian center courses journey in massive numbers, they’ll wish to uncover the must-see websites on the planet. At present, solely 2 million Chinese language come to France, in opposition to 740 000 in 2009. It’s unstoppable. However the worst, whereas vacationers don’t all wish to go to the identical locations, they find yourself there regardless. As such, there’s a sustained focus of 95% of flows on 5% of territories.
In such a context, how the early indicators of saturation might be recognized. Based on some consultants, it’s excessive time to create dashboards to measure indicators (air high quality, a ratio of vacationers per capita, home costs, variety of seasonal leases). A co-existence of vacationers and native inhabitants within the cities needs to be reviewed in an effort to transfer in the direction of a extra harmonious cohabitation and forestall overtourism.
Till just lately, vacationers have been comparatively effectively accepted as a result of they have been ‘parked’ of their resorts or resorts. At present, the vacationer occupies the condo of the neighborhood, and in addition don’t all the time behave very effectively. For instance, Portugal attracted three.2 million French vacationers in 2018 (+ 10%), who favor Lisbon, Porto and the Algarve. Since 2006, the vacation spot has been making an attempt to dilute flows into the inside of the nation and new coastal areas.
Locations undertake measures that vary between restrictive, like Amsterdam that has lowered the rental of a whole dwelling to 30 nights a yr, and incentivising. London, however, is making an attempt to additional develop the lodge enterprise within the periphery by facilitating entry to transportation. Right here, native authorities – municipalities and areas – have an energetic half and a direct duty by investing in infrastructures.
The authorities clearly have a decisive position. All have been shocked to see a ship hitting the quays in Venice, however this isn’t the fault of vacationers. One wonders what the town of Venice and the Italian authorities are doing. There’s a query of governance.
In areas the place there may be a number of stress because of the overtourism, there’s a want for accountable locations, capable of restrict the variety of guests per day, akin to Alhambra in Spain, and ready to surrender development. As of proper now, many international locations don’t really feel affected by overtourism, and proceed to set more and more formidable objectives, whereas their main airports are increasing. Low-cost flights proceed to develop, representing 31% of world site visitors in 2018 in accordance with ICAO. In some instances, way more, for instance at the moment low-cost airways account for 80 to 85% of air flows to Portugal. Contemplating, specifically, the expansion of Chinese language or Indian vacationers, some consultants recommend closing the doorways at some vacationer websites, to restrict the vacationer inflow.